Ever increasing urbanization has been the trend for the last several decades due to various challenges in rural areas. It has become imperative to reverse this trend now. Climatic extremities, drying up of underground water, land becoming barren, skyrocketing of farming costs and increasing per-capita income in urban areas have contributed to the worsening of the rural scene. Post-independence decades saw negligence of the farming sector. The later period had the goal of maximization of agricultural production resulting in serious imbalance in agricultural environment. Demand for food from increased population caused expansion of farming area, but in this process major irrigation projects swallowed large stretches of land.
Thus, grazing land of cattle and forest areas have shrunk. Unlimited use of chemical fertilizers has reduced the dependence on organic farming. Mechanization of agriculture has increased. These have made the farmer move away from cattle care. We have drifted far from the period when it was a matter of pride to possess more cattle. Agriculture is thus facing multiple crises.
Rural development based on cattle has become the need of the hour. We have to restore the growth potential in land. Farming has to be freed from chemical onslaught. Self-sufficiency has to be promoted in rural areas. Planning self- employment based on cattle has to be initiated. Research and trials have to be organized in this background. Rashtrotthana Goshala is an important step in this path.